History of Kerman
Kerman was founded as a defensive outpost, with the name Veh-Ardashir, by Ardashir I, founder of the Sassanian, in the 3rd century AD. Muslims ruled Kerman after the Battle of Nahavand in 642. In the eighth century the city was famous for its manufacture of cashmere Wool shawls and other textiles. In 10th century, Veh-Ardashir name changed to Kerman.
Kerman remained virtually independent, conquering Oman and Fars by being under Seljuq Turks in 11th and 12th centuries. Kerman expanded rapidly during the Safavieh Dynasty. Carpets and rugs were exported to England and Germany during this period. In 1793 Lotf Ali Khan defeated the Qajar, and in 1794 he captured Kerman. But soon Agha Mohammad Khan surrounded him for 6month and get Kerman from Lotf Ali Khan hands.
New Times of Kerman
Kerman is one of the 30th provinces of Iran. Kerman is a city in southeast of Iran. This city got the second position as one of the largest province of this country. Kerman population is more than 2.5milion people. The main townships of Kerman province are: Baft, Bardsir, Bam, Jiroft, Rafsanjan, Zarand, Sirjan, Shahr-e-Babak, Mahan and Kohnoj.
Historical documents refer to Kerman as "Karmania", "Kermania", "Germania" and "Žermanya", which means bravery and combat. Geographers have recorded Kerman's ancient name as "Go'asheer" (Bardesheer).
Kerman is a large producer of pistachios on the world market. In recent times crude oil has been discovered but is yet not exploited. You can get around the city by taxi or bus. You can also go to the small towns such as Mahan, Rayen and etc.
Kerman is located on a high margin of Kavir-e Lut (Lut Desert) in the central south of Iran. The city is surrounded by mountains. Kerman is also located along the Saheb Al Zaman Mountain.
Kerman is one of the warmest regions in Iran with an average daily high temperature of 26°C. Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 2525°C, sometimes up to 37°C. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to August. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from November to March.
Kerman is among several cities in Iran with a strong cultural heritage, which is expressed in the local accent, poetry, local music, handicrafts and customs that Kerman has introduced to the world of culture.
Economy of Kerman:
The economy of Kerman is mostly based on farming, notably nut farming and also mining. Pistachio is an important source of economy in Kerman, with Kerman Province being the biggest producer of pistachio in Iran and all over the world.